Test for human papilloma virus

Many people who have never encountered the human papilloma virus are advised, if possible, to undergo an appropriate analysis to detect this disease. If symptoms of pathology have begun to appear, then the delivery of such an analysis is a mandatory measure. Viral disease of this type in men and women can occur as a result of transmission from another person in the following ways:

  • Unprotected sexual intercourse (transmission by kissing is also possible - in the case of wounds in the oral cavity and on the lips).
  • During childbirth - from mother to baby.
  • The virus can also enter the body of an unsuspecting person in a domestic space in places where there are many people: public toilet, swimming pool, bathroom. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that you do not use other people's hygiene items.

This disease is not genetically transmitted through DNA. Therefore, the main risk of infection is neglect of basic hygiene rules, unprotected sexual contact, reckless sexual intercourse, as well as a weakened immune system. A certain increase in the risk of infection occurs when a person has bad habits.

Bitan!If there is no carrier, then in nature the HPV pathogen cannot survive for a long time (less than 1 day), but it is usually enough to infect a person.

If there is a desire to do a blood test for HPV, you should first contact the clinic, because one of the highly specialized doctors can issue an appropriate referral.

There are more than 100 types of HPV, and more than half of them do not pose any danger to humans, but some types are considered oncogenic and can cause cancer with prolonged development.

The papilloma virus is incredibly often transmitted from person to person through sexual intercourse. Moreover, in unprotected contact, the probability of transmitting this virus is extremely high (compared to other sexually transmitted diseases). In recent years, as doctors note, the number of cases has been growing exponentially every year.

a microscope for diagnosing human papilloma virus

This disease is of special danger to the weak half of humanity, because it often causes the development of cervical cancer, as well as other carcinogenic pathologies in women. The older a woman is, the higher her risk of developing cancer. In men, the papilloma virus, which develops in the genitourinary system, often leads to erection problems, irreversible infertility, as well as carcinogenic pathologies of the urogenital system. Therefore, preventive testing is a right and rational decision.

What analysis to give on human papilloma virus?

A highly specialized expert can determine what type of analysis you need to go through and what actions you need to perform to do so. You can get expert advice on this issue from numerous doctors: dermatologists, urologists, gynecologists.

Currently, there are several popular and effective methods that allow not only to identify the presence of a viral disease in a person, but also immediately attribute it to a particular species - safe or dangerous.

Bitan!You can't decide for yourself which test to take to find HPV in yourself - only a doctor should do it. He will indicate the name of the analysis.

We single out the following applied methods:

  1. Colposcopy. The colposcope is used for a detailed examination of the cervix. During the procedure, the doctor can examine the mucous membrane of the organ well, get a quality picture of all the interesting places, and even find miniature papillomas and warts (if there are any).
  2. Cytology. Cytology is a common method for detecting various pathological diseases of an infectious nature by examining smears under a microscope. As a result of the study, you can get the results of different classes: the first and second class will indicate that the person has no problems with this virus; the third class is a reason for clarification (histology is usually prescribed); the fourth and fifth classes will indicate the presence of pathological cells. Infectious disease HPV is diagnosed by cytological diagnosis if cells modified in a special way are found in a human swab.
  3. Histology, study of biopaths. To examine a sample with this technology, a specialist takes a small part of its tissue from a person (it is difficult to say how they take it, because it is different in each case). Studies are being done under a microscope - modified cells affected by a viral infection are also being sought.
  4. Look for antibodies to HPV. One of the most modern and useful types of research. This is due to the fact that the method involves looking for antibodies to this infectious disease in human blood (partly this is a diagnosis). Antibodies in the human body will appear long before the virus begins its vigorous activity. The method does not allow the identification of the type of HPV pathology with a high degree of accuracy, and also does not indicate the concentration. Human blood, not tissue, is tested in vitro.
  5. Digene testing. A modern innovative way to detect papilloma virus. With this technology, you can learn all the characteristics of the disease. To obtain research material, a sample is taken from the urethral mucosa (men), vagina (women). This type of testing is often prescribed in combination with cytology, so that it is possible to obtain as accurate data as possible on the existing pathology.
  6. PCR. The method is most sought after in cases when it is necessary to investigate the pathology of the papilloma virus with suspected oncology. According to this technology, a person donates blood, urine, swab from the mucous membrane (which the doctor will indicate). The method is based on the detection of HPV DNA, so that the results obtained in terms of the presence of the disease in a person, or its absence, are incredibly high accuracy. It is difficult to study the material with this method, so there is a high probability of obtaining false results if the work is performed by an inexperienced expert or there is a violation of technology.

Bitan! Regardless of the type of test and the chosen method, for people of any age, the study will be simple and painless.

In cases where testing involves taking material from the urethra or vagina, it is necessary to prepare in a certain way: a few days before that you should stop taking all drugs that have antiviral or antibacterial action. A few hours before taking the biomaterial, you must leave all hygienic procedures, do not go to the toilet.

laboratory diagnosis of human papilloma virus

If blood is used to detect the virus, then the test should be taken on an empty stomach. If you are very thirsty, then you can drink some clean water without sugar and gas. In order not to get false results, you must give up alcohol and fatty foods a few days before the study.

Bitan!It is also recommended to temporarily abstain from sexual intercourse for two to three days before taking samples of any type of biomaterial.

Any tests to detect papillomavirus do not cause difficulties for both patients and doctors: they can be passed quickly and easily, and the results obtained will most likely indicate the presence or absence of pathology. At the same time, it is extremely important to diagnose the presence of the virus as early as possible, because the sooner treatment begins, the lower the risks of the oncological form of this pathology.

You can take the analysis of this type in any private laboratory or get the appropriate referral at the state clinic at the place of registration. Interpretation of the obtained results can be performed only by a qualified expert. You should not take the results obtained after the analysis and study them online - nothing good will come of it - you will not be able to make a correct diagnosis.